Is a physical condition that affects muscle control and movement. The cause is usually injury to the brain before, during or after birth and 80% of those affected, the damage to the brain happened while the baby was growing in the womb.
Each individual with the condition will be affected differently, and it can vary from mild to severe. The condition is not progressive.
Although there is no cure for cerebral palsy, therapy can help to improve posture and muscle control and can often help people with cerebral palsy become more independent.
There is a common misconception that people with cerebral palsy inevitably have learning disabilities. This may be because people with the condition sometimes have problems controlling their facial movements and speech, and it can be difficult to understand them at first. Cognitive or learning disabilities do occur and it is estimated that 45% of children with cerebral palsy have a learning disability. There is a wide range of intelligence, and many perform very well at school.
Early diagnosis can also help to ensure someone with a learning disability or problems with speech and language receives the professional support they need early in their development.
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